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CCAN Submitted Policy Recommendation to  UN Climate Summit

China Civil Climate Action Network (CCAN) has submitted a policy recommendation to Angel Gurría, UN Secretary-Genenral Advisory Committee Member, the Secretary-General of OECD, to urge nations and parties to raise ambitions on climate policies during the UN Climate Summit from 21st to 23rd September.

Totally 6 aspects were included in this policy recommendations: fast and just energy transition, accelerate and promote the actions of nature-based solution for promoting the sustainable development of eco-system, source of funding for innovations, financial policies, institutions, and corporations,cooperation in the international carbon market and public education. This policy recommendation was submitted by 2 representatives of CCAN to OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, who expressed approval and confirmed it will be then tranfered to UN Secretary General António Guterres.

Policy Recommendations of China Civil Climate Action Network (CCAN) to 2019 UN Climate Action Summit

2020 is the year of action for each of the government which has proposed regulations and revisions that accord with the Paris Agreement. This year is crucial for the realization of all the central objectives set by the Paris Agreement. The global community must adapt and react, making the most ofthis year’s critical opportunity to realize this goal.

As António Guterres said, the emphasis of this summit would be placed on practical climate actions, including a series of actions taken and promises made by different countries, companies, and civil organizations. Every contracting state should follow the practical implementation guidelines outlined by the Paris Agreement finalized at COP24, abiding by the principle of equity, the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities," and the principle of respective capability, considering different national conditions. With all the on going sustainable development, states should upgrade their contribution, ensuring the progressiveness of their actions compared to previous ones, exhibiting their highest ambition. By 2020, they should also release long-term strategies forreducing greenhouse gas emissions, including the finalizing negotiations regarding Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, engaging in promoting common time framework of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and building accounting rules for transparency framework and related negotiations. Developed countries,on the other hand, should actualize their promise of providing 100 billion dollars of funding annually before 2020 and transfer advanced technologies to developing countries, helping them elevate their ability to cope with climate change, making this summit ambitious yet down to the earth.

Base on the above goals and the focus area of this summit, China Civil Climate Action Network (CCAN) proposes the following to participating parties, companies, and civil organizations:

 

1.Fast and just energy transition:

According to the IPCC special report Global Warming of 1.5 °C,dedicating efforts to actualizing fast energy transition, reducing global emission by 45% before 2030, progressively reduce emissions and ultimately achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. To achieve this challenging objective, more ambitious commodity on energy transition are required by all governments.

The government should further implement incentive measures and encourage the participation of the private sectors, especially in the field of distributed energy construction. It is recommended that all developed countries should settle a timetable for phasing out coal consumption. Developing countries should also pledge to stop building new coal-fired power plants. In the transportation sector, where the carbon emissions are still high, developed countries and conditional developing countries should take actions to increase the proportion of electric vehicles, and gradually control the total amount of fossil fuel-powered vehicles.


In the processing of the energy transition, just and sustainable principle can not be ignored. Developed countries should project a sense of imminent responsibility and leadership, phase out all fossil fuel consumption and production subsidies as soon as possible, and halt projects to explore and to develop new coal, oil, and gas factories, pipelines. Meanwhile, they should assist developing countries to smoothly transition justly.

 

2. Accelerate and promote the actions of nature-based solution forpromoting the sustainable development of eco-system

The IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °Cpublished last year, the just-released Special Report on Climate Change and Land should make us realize the interconnectedness between climate change and our ecosystem. To fulfill the goals of the Paris Agreement, especially ones that deal with adapting to climate change and ensuring the sustainable development of the human society, the ecosystem is a critical component, inseparable with our future. It’s urgent to conserve and restorecritical ecosystems and to accelerate and promote the actions of nature-based solution for addressing climate change. We propose:

- Each country should further protect andrestore key representative ecosystems and to protect biodiversity hotspots through legislation and policymaking.

- Each country should promptly identifyfragile ecological areas, increase funding, manpower, and ccompanying resources to protect and restore ecosystems, and make action plans forecosystem protection and restoration in a changing climate.

- Every country should appreciate the twofold function that the ecosystem has in modulating and adapting to climate change; also the ecosystem produces the synergy effect and multi-benefit effectwhen faced with climate change and challenges in promoting sustainable development. Every nation should actively push for the implementation and actualization of nature-based solutions.

- Every government, company, and socialorganization should actively promote the establishment of interregional and international fundraising methods or platforms, toolmaking platforms, knowledge-sharing platforms, and ability building platforms for nature-based climate actions, supporting actions in developing countries.

- Every nation should promote urban andrural ecosystem adaptation actions, providing ecological sanctuaries andbarriers to stand against extreme weathers and the impacts of climate change,ensuring food security.

 

3.Source of Funding for Innovations

Steering towards the 1.5 °C goal, all contracting states shouldpromise to adjust their current NDC by going through a comprehensiv emulti-beneficial process, meanwhile, they should actively search for and buildmore diverse and innovative sources of funding to compensate for currentunderfunded projects and to support more ambitious emission-reduction goals andactions. For instance, the government could impose climate tax on highly damaging industries, advocating for domestic and global carbon pricing andemission-reduction for international flights, maritime transportation and soon.

Public funds raised through public finance and innovative resources should be placed actions and steps towards protecting, managing andrestoring the climate negative impact. For example: increasing funding andsupport for the development of clean and renewable energy; increasing supportfor sustainable infrastructure development; furthering research and development in technologies and methods regarding climate change adaptation; establishing disaster relief fund to cope with unmanageable climate effects.

Depending on its condition and its climate goals, every country should employ a more ambitious and active climate action plan, introduce stronger policies, formulate a time table and an actualization route foreliminating fossil fuel subsidies, encouraging the defunding of coal powerplants and taking an active role in the implementation of related policies.

Meanwhile, each country should promptly introduce carbon taxes and come up with core mechanism of and implementations regarding carbontrading, promoting a carbon taxing method that’s down to the earth, stimulating the establishment of the global carbon market and the minimization of carbon emission cost.

 

4.Financial policies, institutions, and corporations

Financial institutions should actively push for the adoption ofcost-benefit analysis of managing climate change risk by the financial industry: fully integrating traction to assess climate and environmental risksinto the institution’s ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) management and decision-making process;

Basing on a multilateral international collaboration mechanism and platform (Like G20 and the “Belt and Road Initiative”), each country couldactively push for the construction and implementation of a sustainable financial system. Using this system as a starting point, one can make good use of the leverage and the leading role offered by the public funds anddevelopment financing, driving the social capital towards more green andlow-carbon industries and sectors, pushing for the realization of the sustainable development goals by each country with a multilateral international collaboration mechanism and platform.

Leading companies all over the world should also transition to agreener economy as early as possible. Every government should also promptly upgrade their national plan to project ambitious governmental policies that a prosperous carbon-neutral economy needs. Through making emission-reduction policies and goals, each government could offer clear guidance and confidence to companies, investing in a future of carbon-neutral economy without hesitation.

 

5.Cooperation in the international carbon market

Carbon trading plays an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and actualizing self-contribution in each country. Every contracting nation should fulfill their part in arranging the mechanism behindthe international carbon market, providing a vigorous framework and ensuringthe coordination between the carbon market and the NDC, realizing each of their promises under the Paris Agreement, and making the most cost-effective emission reduction. 

COP24 failed to settle the clear rules regarding cooperation inthe international carbon market (specifically Article 6 of the ParisAgreement), therefore it leaves the question to be solved in the future. We strongly recommend, all government should take the good opportunity of UN Climate Action Summit to create a robust framework for flexible approaches, to ensure the enhancing NDC by creating effective carbon pricing.

 

6.Public education

Article 6 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate  Change (UNFCCC) and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement confirmed the criticalrole that education plays in reacting to global climate change. In 2016, it wasdecided that Article 6 of UNFCCC be renamed as “Action for Climate Empowerment(ACE)”. During the SBI50 which took place in Bonn in June, government from eachcountry made an agreement on one draft decision: for the implementation of ACE, this draft decision aims at significantly reinforcing climate education, publicawareness, and civic engagement, calling for incorporating into each of theirown national strategy the formation and implementation of “climate change education”, encouraging incorporating gender sensitivity and experimentaleducation, training, building public awareness, civic engagement, acquiring ofpublic information, regional and international collaboration into all the climate adapting and remediating activities determined by the Paris Agreement.

As such, we recommend after 2020, the promises made by allcontracting countries regarding climate change education should be expanded,coming up with national ACE strategies that would incorporate climate change education into the standard curriculum. This subject should not only teachscientific facts about climate change but also foster the learners’ critical thinking abilities. While helping people understand and solve the problembrought by climate change, it should also encourage intrinsic attitudinal and behavioral change, making sustainable lifestyle a trend to adapt to climate change.Meanwhile, education should support public engagement that’s outside the schoolcommunity, reinforcing the willingness to participate in those activities bythe non-party stakeholders, and incorporating this into the formulating and implementation of NDC.

 

Thanks for the drafting work of Tan Liya (Green Anhui Environmental Development Center), Lin Jiaqiao (REEI), Guo Hongyu (Greenovation Hub), Hou Yuanqing (China Green Carbon Foundation),Tao Kanghua (SYCHED), Sun Weihua(SYCHED), Chen Yongsong (Lijiang Green Education Center), Kang Lin for the excellent drafting and editing work of the policy recommendation. Thanks for Bai Bowen (Friends of Nature) to provide the translation.

 

 

Our members:Total 33 members by the end of Aug. 2019, the list as below:China Association for NGO Cooperation (CANGO)Xiamen Green Cross Association (XMGCA)Enviro Friends Institute of Environmental Science and TechnologyFriends of Nature (FoN)Global Village of Beijing (GVB)Institute for Environment and Development (IED)Shanshui Conservation CenterGreenriver Environment Protection Association of SichuanFriends of Green Environment JiangsuGreen Anhui Environmental Development CenterChina Youth Climate Action Network (CYCAN)Shanghai Oasis Ecological Conservation and Communication Center(Oasis)Green Earth Volunteers (GEV)Promotion Association for Mountain-River-Lake Regional Sustainable Development (MRLSD)Shanghai Yangtze Delta Center for Human Eco-Tech Development(SYCHED)Greenovation Hub (GHub)Global Environmental Institute (GEI)Hangzhou Eco-Culture Association (Green Zhejiang)Guangzhou Association for NGO Development Cooperation (GANGO)Roots and Shoots Beijing OfficeFriends of Green TianjinRock Environment and Energy Institute (REEI)Zhenjiang Green Sanshan Environmental Public Welfare ServiceCenterLijiang Green Education Center (GEC)Pesticide Eco-Alternatives CenterChongqing Renewable Energy Society (CRES)Yangling Environmental Protection Public Service Association(YEA)Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs (IPE)Gansu Green Camel Bell" Environment and Development CenterBlueribbon Ocean Conversation AssociationThe Youthink CenterC TeamKunming Low-Carbon Community Development Center Other NGO:China Green Carbon Foundation (CGCF) For more information, please contact the CCAN Secretariat:Xiangyi Wang: wangxiangyi@cango.orgXiajie Li: lixiajie@cango.org